The importance of protection and safety
To protect ourselves or the atmosphere from various natural or industrial hazards in the environment, protective clothing or protective textiles are vastly used to prevent this. There are some possible environmental hazards namely heat, cold, ultraviolet radiation, radioactive radiation, and more. Some prominent industrial or human hazards are fire, industrial chemicals, biohazards, and many more. When we are in the area of one of those, optimum safety from all those hazards is of utmost importance. Thus the need for protective textiles is there to safeguard us. Textiles and clothing represent an area where PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is an important area of attention. Safety and comfort are becoming more important and these aspects must be in balance. Uncomfortable systems will not be used and put safe working at risk.
Protective and Safety Clothing for textiles
Technical textiles play an important role in producing protective & safety clothing. The variety of protective functions that need to be provided by various textile products is diverse and considerable. These types of textiles include protection against types of severe impact which include ﬁre and extreme heat, hazardous dust and particles, biological, nuclear, and chemical hazards, foul weather, extreme cold, and poor visibility. Protective clothing includes garments and related paraphernalia for protection from harmful chemical environments. Protective clothing or protective textiles are one of the parts of technical textiles that are used principally for their performance or functional properties rather than their decorative or aesthetic properties. Protection from extreme environmental situations has always been a crucial requirement for textile products.
Ecological protection textiles
These types of technical textiles are used for the protection of the environment and ecology. Though this type of technical textile overlaps with several other areas such as industrial textiles, geotextiles, and agricultural textiles it’s not a well-deﬁned segment yet. The textile industry is considered by most as the most ecologically harmful industry in the world. The eco-problems in the textile industry occur during some production processes and are carried forward right to the finished product. In the production process like bleaching and then dying, the subsequent fabric makes a toxin that swells into our ecosystem. During the production process controlling pollution is as vital as making a product free from the toxic effect. Eco textiles are textile products that can be manufactured, used, and disposed of without altering the ecological balance and manipulating human health. Eco textiles cover products that are manufactured using materials and methods that do not pose any harm to people and nature from textile fiber production to the makeup of the finished article and that can be disposed of without harming human health and nature.